Aging: What to expect
Wonder what's considered a normal part of the aging process? Here's what to expect as you get older — and what to do about it.
Wonder what's considered a normal part of the aging process? Here's what to expect as you get older — and what to do about it.By Mayo Clinic Staff
You know that aging will likely cause wrinkles and gray hair. But do you know how aging will affect your teeth, heart and sexuality? Find out what changes to expect as you continue aging — and how to promote good health at any age.
Your cardiovascular system
The most common change in the cardiovascular system is stiffening of the blood vessels and arteries, causing your heart to work harder to pump blood through them. The heart muscles change to adjust to the increased workload. Your heart rate at rest will stay about the same, but it won't increase during activities as much as it used to. These changes increase the risk of high blood pressure (hypertension) and other cardiovascular problems.
What you can do
To promote heart health:
- Include physical activity in your daily routine. Try walking, swimming or other activities you enjoy. Regular moderate physical activity can help you maintain a healthy weight and lower your heart disease risk.
- Eat a healthy diet. Choose vegetables, fruits, whole grains, high-fiber foods and lean sources of protein, such as fish. Limit foods high in saturated fat and salt.
- Don't smoke. Smoking contributes to the hardening of your arteries and increases your blood pressure and heart rate. If you smoke or use other tobacco products, ask your doctor to help you quit.
- Manage stress. Stress can take a toll on your heart. Take steps to reduce stress, such as meditation, exercise or talk therapy.
- Get enough sleep. Quality sleep plays an important role in the healing and repair of your heart and blood vessels. Aim for seven to nine hours a night.
Your bones, joints and muscles
With age, bones tend to shrink in size and density, weakening them and making them more susceptible to fracture. You might even become a bit shorter. Muscles generally lose strength, endurance and flexibility — factors that can affect your coordination, stability and balance.
What you can do
To promote bone, joint and muscle health:
- Get adequate amounts of calcium. The National Academy of Science, Engineering, and Medicine recommends at least 1,000 milligrams (mg) of calcium daily for adults. The recommendation increases to 1,200 mg daily for women age 51 and older and men age 71 and older. Dietary sources of calcium include dairy products, broccoli, kale, salmon and tofu. If you find it difficult to get enough calcium from your diet, ask your doctor about calcium supplements.
- Get adequate amounts of vitamin D. The recommended daily intake of vitamin D is 600 international units for adults up to age 70 and 800 IU for adults over 70. Many people get adequate amounts of vitamin D from sunlight. Other sources include tuna, salmon, eggs, vitamin D-fortified milk and vitamin D supplements.
- Include physical activity in your daily routine. Weight-bearing exercises, such as walking, jogging, tennis, climbing stairs and weight training can help you build strong bones and slow bone loss.
- Avoid substance abuse. Avoid smoking and limit alcoholic drinks. Ask your doctor about how much alcohol might be safe for your age, sex and general health.
Your digestive system
Age-related structural changes in the large intestine can result in more constipation in older adults. Other contributing factors include a lack of exercise, not drinking enough fluids and a low-fiber diet. Medications, such as diuretics and iron supplements, and certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, also might contribute to constipation.
What you can do
To prevent constipation:
- Eat a healthy diet. Make sure your diet includes high-fiber foods, such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Limit high-fat meats, dairy products and sweets, which might cause constipation. Drink plenty of water and other fluids.
- Include physical activity in your daily routine. Regular physical activity can help prevent constipation.
- Don't ignore the urge to have a bowel movement. Holding in a bowel movement for too long can cause constipation.
Your bladder and urinary tract
Your bladder may become less elastic as you age, resulting in the need to urinate more often. Weakening of bladder muscles and pelvic floor muscles may make it difficult for you to empty your bladder completely or cause you to lose bladder control (urinary incontinence). In men, an enlarged or inflamed prostate also can cause difficult emptying the bladder and incontinence.
Other factors that contribute to incontinence include being overweight, nerve damage from diabetes, certain medications, and caffeine or alcohol consumption.
What you can do
To promote bladder and urinary tract health:
- Go to the toilet regularly. Consider urinating on a regular schedule, such as every hour. Slowly, extend the amount of time between your toilet trips.
- Maintain a healthy weight. If you're overweight, lose excess pounds.
- Don't smoke. If you smoke or use other tobacco products, ask your doctor to help you quit.
- Do Kegel exercises. To exercise your pelvic floor muscles (Kegel exercises), squeeze the muscles you would you use to stop passing gas. Try it for three seconds at a time, and then relax for a count of three. Work up to doing the exercise 10 to 15 times in a row, at least three times a day.
- Avoid bladder irritants. Caffeine, acidic foods, alcohol and carbonated beverages can make incontinence worse.
- Avoid constipation. Eat more fiber and take other steps to avoid constipation, which can worsen incontinence.
Your memory and thinking skills
Your brain undergoes changes as you age that may have minor effects on your memory or thinking skills. For example, healthy older adults might forget familiar names or words, or they may find it more difficult to multitask.
What you can do
You can promote cognitive health by taking the following steps:
- Include physical activity in your daily routine. Physical activity increases blood flow to your whole body, including your brain. Studies suggest regular exercise is associated with better brain function and reduces stress and depression — factors that affect memory.
- Eat a healthy diet. A heart-healthy diet may benefit your brain. Focus on fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Choose low-fat protein sources, such as fish, lean meat and skinless poultry. Too much alcohol can lead to confusion and memory loss.
- Stay mentally active. Staying mentally active may help sustain your memory and thinking skills. You can read, play word games, take up a new hobby, take classes, or learn to play an instrument.
- Be social. Social interaction helps ward off depression and stress, which can contribute to memory loss. You might volunteer at a local school or nonprofit, spend time with family and friends, or attend social events.
- Treat cardiovascular disease. Follow your doctor's recommendations to manage cardiovascular risk factors — high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes — that may increase the risk of cognitive decline.
- Quit smoking. If you smoke, quitting smoking may help your cognitive health.
If you're concerned about memory loss or other changes in your thinking skills, talk to your doctor.
Your eyes and ears
With age, you might have difficulty focusing on objects that are close up. You might become more sensitive to glare and have trouble adapting to different levels of light. Aging also can affect your eye's lens, causing clouded vision (cataracts).
Your hearing also might diminish. You might have difficulty hearing high frequencies or following a conversation in a crowded room.
What you can do
To promote eye and ear health:
- Schedule regular checkups. Follow your doctor's advice about glasses, contact lenses, hearing aids and other corrective devices.
- Take precautions. Wear sunglasses or a wide-brimmed hat when you're outdoors, and use earplugs when you're around loud machinery or other loud noises.
Your gums might pull back from your teeth. Certain medications, such as those that treat allergies, asthma, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, also can cause dry mouth. As a result, your teeth and gums might become slightly more vulnerable to decay and infection.
What you can do
To promote oral health:
- Brush and floss. Brush your teeth twice a day, and clean between your teeth — using regular dental floss or an interdental cleaner — once a day.
- Schedule regular checkups. Visit your dentist or dental hygienist for regular dental checkups.
With age, your skin thins and becomes less elastic and more fragile, and fatty tissue just below the skin decreases. You might notice that you bruise more easily. Decreased production of natural oils might make your skin drier. Wrinkles, age spots and small growths called skin tags are more common.
What you can do
To promote healthy skin:
- Be gentle. Bathe or shower in warm — not hot — water. Use mild soap and moisturizer.
- Take precautions. When you're outdoors, use sunscreen and wear protective clothing. Check your skin regularly and report changes to your doctor.
- Don't smoke. If you smoke or use other tobacco products, ask your doctor to help you quit. Smoking contributes to skin damage, such as wrinkling.
How your body burns calories (metabolism) slows down as you age. If you decrease activities as you age, but continue to eat the same as usual, you'll gain weight. To maintain a healthy weight, stay active and eat healthy.
What you can do
To maintain a healthy weight:
- Include physical activity in your daily routine. Regular moderate physical activity can help you maintain a healthy weight.
- Eat a healthy diet. Choose vegetables, fruits, whole grains, high-fiber foods and lean sources of protein, such as fish. Limit sugar and foods high in saturated fat.
- Watch your portion sizes. To cut calories, keep an eye on your portion sizes.
With age, sexual needs and performance might change. Illness or medication might affect your ability to enjoy sex. For women, vaginal dryness can make sex uncomfortable. For men, impotence might become a concern. It might take longer to get an erection, and erections might not be as firm as they used to be.
What you can do
To promote your sexual health:
- Share your needs and concerns with your partner. You might find the physical intimacy without intercourse is right for you, or you may experiment with different sexual activities.
- Get regular exercise. Exercise improves the release of sexual hormones, cardiovascular health, flexibility, mood and self-image — all factors that contribute to good sexual health.
- Talk to your doctor. Your doctor might offer specific treatment suggestions — such as estrogen cream for vaginal dryness or oral medication for erectile dysfunction in men.
You can't stop the aging process, but you can make choices that improve your ability to maintain an active life, to do the things you enjoy, and to spend time with loved ones.
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Nov. 03, 2022
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- Strait JB, et al. Aging-associated cardiovascular changes and their relationship to heart failure. Heart Failure Clinics. 2012;8:143.
- Sleep deprivation and deficiency. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/sleep-deprivation-and-deficiency. Accessed Oct. 16, 2018.
- Osteoporosis overview. NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center. https://www.bones.nih.gov/health-info/bone/osteoporosis/overview. Accessed Oct. 16, 2018.
- Physical changes with aging. Merck Manual Professional Version. https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/geriatrics/approach-to-the-geriatric-patient/physical-changes-with-aging. Accessed Oct. 16, 2018.
- Report brief: Dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D. National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine. http://www.nationalacademies.org/hmd/Reports/2010/Dietary-Reference-Intakes-for-Calcium-and-Vitamin-D/Report-Brief.aspx. Accessed Oct. 18, 2018.
- Calcium: Fact sheet for health professionals. National Institutes of Health. http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Calcium-HealthProfessional/. Accessed Oct. 18, 2018.
- Vitamin D: Fact sheet for health professionals. National Institutes of Health. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminD-HealthProfessional/. Accessed Oct. 18, 2018.
- Concerned about constipation. National Institute on Aging. https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/concerned-about-constipation. Oct. 16, 2018.
- Taffet GE. Normal aging. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed Oct. 16, 2018.
- Urinary incontinence in older adults. National Institute on Aging. https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/urinary-incontinence-older-adults. Accessed Oct. 16, 2018.
- Kegel exercises. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/kegel-exercises. Accessed Oct. 23, 2018.
- Forgetfulness: Knowing when to ask for help. National Institute on Aging. https://order.nia.nih.gov/publication/forgetfulness-knowing-when-to-ask-for-help. Accessed Oct. 16, 2018.
- Cognitive health and older adults. National Institute on Aging. https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/cognitive-health-and-older-adults. Accessed Oct. 23, 2018.
- Aging and your eyes. National Institute on Aging. https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/aging-and-your-eyes. Accessed Oct. 16, 2018.
- Hearing loss: A common problem with older adults. National Institute on Aging. https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/hearing-loss-common-problem-older-adults. Accessed Oct. 16, 2018.
- Mark AM. Oral health concerns for older adults. Journal of the American Dental Association. 2016;147:156.
- Skin care and aging. National Institute on Aging. https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/skin-care-and-aging. Accessed Oct. 16, 2018.
- Maintaining a healthy weight. National Institute on Aging. https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/maintaining-healthy-weight. Accessed Oct. 23, 2018.
- Sexuality in later life. National Institute on Aging. https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/sexuality-later-life. Accessed Oct. 16, 2018.
- Masiero S, et al., eds. Physical activity and sexual function in older people. In: Rehabilitation Medicine for Elderly Patients. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing AG; 2018.
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What to expect when you are aging? ›
With age, bones tend to shrink in size and density, weakening them and making them more susceptible to fracture. You might even become a bit shorter. Muscles generally lose strength, endurance and flexibility — factors that can affect your coordination, stability and balance.What are the three most important things in life that contributes to someone aging successfully? ›
Rowe and Kahn stated that successful aging involved three main factors: (1) being free of disability or disease, (2) having high cognitive and physical abilities, and (3) interacting with others in meaningful ways.At what age does your body start to decline? ›
After age 30, people tend to lose lean tissue. Your muscles, liver, kidney, and other organs may lose some of their cells. This process of muscle loss is called atrophy. Bones may lose some of their minerals and become less dense (a condition called osteopenia in the early stages and osteoporosis in the later stages).What is the hardest part about aging? ›
The hardest parts of getting older are losing your loved ones, dealing with your deteriorating mental and physical health, and accepting the changes in your appearance. These changes are inevitable as we get older. But getting older is not all bad. In fact, some things in life get better with age.What are five positive things about aging? ›
- A Happier Outlook. ...
- Grandchildren. ...
- More Time for Loved Ones. ...
- Opportunity to Pursue Your Dreams. ...
- Participation in Civics and Volunteering. ...
- Wisdom. ...
- Better Social Skills and More Empathy. ...
- Guaranteed Minimum Income, Medicare and Social Security.
At a minimum, bathing once or twice a week helps most seniors avoid skin breakdown and infections. Using warm washcloths to wipe armpits, groin, genitals, feet, and any skin folds also helps minimize body odor in between full baths.What is the biggest number one cause of aging? ›
Exposure to light is a top cause of premature aging: Sun exposure causes many skin problems. Ultraviolet (UV) light and exposure to sunlight age your skin more quickly than it would age naturally. The result is called photoaging, and it's responsible for 90% of visible changes to your skin.What is the key to successful aging? ›
It seems obvious, but tending to your physical health—doing what you can to preserve and improve your health habits – is key to a good quality of life in later years. Don't smoke, exercise regularly, don't drink alcohol to excess and follow your doctor's health advice.What are the 3 pillars of aging well? ›
One way of approaching the needs of your older patients during this pandemic is to break everything down into three basic categories of wellbeing and aging gracefully: physical, mental, and emotional. These categories often overlap, which is why holistic medicine, such as chiropractic, is on the rise.At what age do you age the most? ›
The results offer important new insights into what happens as we age. For example, the team suggests that the biological aging process isn't steady and appears to accelerate periodically — with the greatest bursts coming, on average, around ages 34, 60, and 78.
Do you get more tired as you age? ›
Usually, our energy declines because of normal changes. Both genes and environment lead to alterations in cells that cause aging muscles to lose mass and strength and to become less flexible. As a result, strenuous activities become more tiring.At what age should you stop gaining weight? ›
Men tend to gain weight until age 55, and then slowly start to lose it in the years that follow. This could be because men produce less testosterone after this age. Women, on the other hand, usually stop gaining weight once they hit age 65.Why is it so hard to stop aging? ›
A new study suggests that stopping or even reversing the aging process is impossible. In a collaborative effort from scientists worldwide, including experts from the University of Oxford, it was concluded that aging is inevitable due to biological constraints, The Guardian reported.Why is everyone afraid of aging? ›
Why You're Afraid of Getting Older. For some, it's a fear of the physical changes that come with aging. For others, it's the fear of losing their independence and becoming a burden on their loved ones. And for many, it's the fear of death itself.What slows aging the most? ›
Exercise is one of the best ways to delay aging. And with good reason: too much time sitting (sedentary behavior) is associated with an increased risk of heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and an early death. Aerobic activity is any activity that causes you to breathe harder than normal and your heart to beat faster.What age is the happiest? ›
In one large study from the Brookings Institute, for example, scientists found happiness was high for 18- to 21-year-olds and then dropped steadily until about age 40. But past middle age, the pattern began to reverse—gradually climbing back up to its highest point at age 98!Why is growing old so hard? ›
Getting old means you will lose physical strength, flexibility and balance. The aging process brings losses in muscle and bone mass and muscle strength decline after age 30. That's right, age 30! Those changes are pretty small from 30-50, though.What are 3 facts about aging? ›
- Fact 1: The world's population is rapidly ageing. ...
- Fact 2: There is little evidence that older people today are in better health than their parents.
- Fact 3: The most common health conditions in older age are noncommunicable diseases.
The major cause of death in the 55-64 age group is cancer followed by heart disease and injury. In the 75+ age group, the leading cause shifts to heart disease, and injury drops below Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), cerebrovascular diseases, and pneumonia.What happens if elderly don't shower? ›
While a mild case of body odor and a disheveled appearance can be a minor cause for concern, other seniors neglect their hygiene so much that it can jeopardize their overall health. For example, it can put them at risk of urinary tract infections or skin infections and put a damper on their mental health, as well.
Is 70 considered elderly? ›
Who is Defined as Elderly? Typically, the elderly has been defined as the chronological age of 65 or older. People from 65 to 74 years old are usually considered early elderly, while those over 75 years old are referred to as late elderly.What foods make you age faster? ›
- Spicy Foods. 1/12. Some like it hot … and some can't take the heat. ...
- Margarine. 2/12. Your skin is the largest organ in your body, and everything you eat affects it. ...
- Sodas and Energy Drinks. 3/12. ...
- Frozen Dinners. 4/12. ...
- Alcohol. 5/12. ...
- Processed Meats. 6/12. ...
- Fried Foods. 7/12. ...
- Baked Goods. 8/12.
Aging is likely caused by a combination of reasons. Some theories suggest cells have a predetermined lifespan, while others claim it's caused by error and damage. Other theories say that aging is due to genetic, evolution, or biochemical reactions.Does coffee make you look older? ›
“Caffeine is like any other diuretic; it can make you excrete fluid, and deplete your body of moisture”, says Dr. Hirsch. “Anything dehydrating can dehydrate your skin, making it look dull and aged”.What is the secret of aging gracefully? ›
Take proper care of your health.
Take basic care of yourself by making sure to see your doctor and dentist regularly. Stay up to date on your health tests as you age. Get good sleep. Wear sunscreen.
They also identify “seven pillars” of aging, intertwined processes driving the aging process. They are: adaption to stress, epigenetics, inflammation, macromolecular damage, metabolism, proteostasis, and stem cells and regeneration. Through study of these processes, experts hope to find ways to slow down aging.What are the four major factors of aging? ›
They found people tend to fall into one of four biological aging pathways, or ageotypes: immune, kidney, liver or metabolic. Snyder said that metabolic agers, for example, may be at a higher risk for type 2 diabetes as they grow older.What are the 4 pillars of healthy aging? ›
The World Health Organization's active ageing model is based on the optimisation of four key “pillars”: health, lifelong learning, participation and security.What are the 4 pillars of a healthy lifestyle? ›
Experts widely consider exercise, good nutrition, relaxation and sleep crucial to healthy living. While these so-called “four pillars” of good health help keep your body running, they also do wonders for your emotional well-being.At what age do you start looking old? ›
As far as the female or male aging timeline, the biggest changes typically occur when people are in their 40s and 50s. However, it's not unlikely to notice changes in your mid to late-30s, as well. Some of the first signs of aging are droopy skin, smile lines, and wrinkles. These changes can be jarring, but natural.
Why do some people age so well? ›
When it comes to aging, some people are just luckier. Genetics play a significant role in how fast you age, so if your parents aged really well, that may be the case for you too. Your skin's thickness, color, and vascularity can determine how quickly damage or signs of aging like fine lines and wrinkles appear.At what age do females start aging? ›
For Caucasian women, it's typically around the late 30s. "This is when fine lines on the forehead and around the eyes, less-elastic skin, and brown spots and broken capillaries from accumulated sun damage crop up," says Yagoda. If you're a woman of color, the tipping point is more likely in your 40s.Why does my 91 year old mother sleep all the time? ›
Boredom, depression, chronic pain and/or nutritional deficiencies can be some of the underlying causes that account for excessive daytime sleeping. Medications can also be a problem.At what age do adults gain the most weight? ›
Those extra pounds were packed on in early adulthood: The average American gained about 17.6 pounds from their mid-20s to mid-30s, the study found. Meanwhile, the average person gained about 14.3 pounds between their 30s and 40s, 9.5 pounds between their 40s and 50s, and 4.6 pounds between their 50s and 60s.At what age do females gain the most weight? ›
Here's something to ponder as you consider whether to ditch that New Year's resolution to exercise more: Your 20s are your prime weight-gaining years, according to data from the CDC. The charts above are approximations of typical lifetime weight gain, based on CDC data, which is reported in 10-year increments.Why is my waist getting bigger as I get older? ›
Many women also notice an increase in belly fat as they get older — even if they aren't gaining weight. This is likely due to a decreasing level of estrogen, which appears to influence where fat is distributed in the body.Is aging all about decline? ›
At the biological level, ageing results from the impact of the accumulation of a wide variety of molecular and cellular damage over time. This leads to a gradual decrease in physical and mental capacity, a growing risk of disease and ultimately death.Can you reverse aging from stress? ›
Can You Reverse Aging From Stress? With short-term stress, there is always some reversibility. But the longer a person is under stress, the more permanent the physical signs of aging can become.What foods are good for anti aging? ›
- Watercress. The health benefits of watercress don't disappoint! ...
- Red bell pepper. Red bell peppers are loaded with antioxidants which reign supreme when it comes to anti-aging. ...
- Papaya. ...
- Blueberries. ...
- Broccoli. ...
- Spinach. ...
- Nuts. ...
Mental and physical decline, losing loved ones, not being able to financially support oneself or loved ones, and becoming a burden or dependent on family members and friends are some of the reasons people fear getting old.
What does old age feel like? ›
With age, you might have difficulty focusing on objects that are close up. You might become more sensitive to glare and have trouble adapting to different levels of light. Aging also can affect your eye's lens, causing clouded vision (cataracts). Your hearing also might diminish.How to take 10 years off your age? ›
- Use a Hydrating Mask. ...
- Choose a Luminous Foundation. ...
- Lighten Your Hair a Bit. ...
- Wear a Ponytail. ...
- Exfoliate (But Don't Overdo It) ...
- White Out Your Waterline. ...
- Finish Your Look With a Mineral Mist.
- Stay out of the sun. While it's true that the sun isn't the only factor in the overall appearance of your skin, it does play a huge role. ...
- Drink plenty of water. ...
- Get some ZZZs. ...
- Rub it in. ...
- Eat a diet rich in plants. ...
- Get moving. ...
- Establish a good routine. ...
- Limit alcohol and caffeine.
Is it possible to reverse aging? You cannot wholly reverse aging—it's a normal part of life. However, you may be able to slow it down and help prevent age-related diseases by adopting a healthy lifestyle. That includes habits like eating a healthy diet, wearing sunscreen every day, and exercising (Shanbhag, 2019).What are the 5 stages of aging? ›
- Self-sufficiency. The first stage in the aging process is self-sufficiency. ...
- Interdependence. Eventually, your aging loved one will require some support and assistance. ...
- Dependence. ...
- Crisis Management. ...
- End of Life.
- Crow's Feet. Crow's feet are perhaps the most obvious sign of aging, and they can occur far earlier than most of us would like to believe. ...
- Dark Spots. There are various causes of dark spots on the skin, and it's not always related to aging. ...
- Fine lines. ...
- Dullness. ...
- Phase I—Midlife Reevaluation (ages mid-30s to mid-60s) Phase I is a period of quest more than crisis. ...
- Phase II—Liberation (ages late 50s into the 70s) ...
- Phase III—Summing Up (ages late 60s through 80s) ...
- Phase IV—Final Phase, Encore (ages the late 70s until the end of life)
Common conditions in older age include hearing loss, cataracts and refractive errors, back and neck pain and osteoarthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, depression and dementia. As people age, they are more likely to experience several conditions at the same time.At what age does your face change most? ›
Most people begin to notice a shift in the appearance of their face around their 40's and 50's, with some also noticing a change in their 30's. But with these physical changes brought on by aging also comes a change in the appearance of our face - Luckily, there is treatment available.What are the 9 causes of aging? ›
These hallmarks are: genomic instability, telomere attrition, epigenetic alterations, loss of proteostasis, deregulated nutrient-sensing, mitochondrial dysfunction, cellular senescence, stem cell exhaustion, and altered intercellular communication.
What is the main cause of aging? ›
Aging is likely caused by a combination of reasons. Some theories suggest cells have a predetermined lifespan, while others claim it's caused by error and damage. Other theories say that aging is due to genetic, evolution, or biochemical reactions.What causes aging faster? ›
This is called extrinsic aging. As a result, premature aging can set in long before it was expected. In other words, your biological clock is more advanced than your chronological clock. Controllable factors such as stress, smoking and sun exposure can all play a role in expediting extrinsic aging.Why is aging so hard? ›
Getting old means you will lose physical strength, flexibility and balance. The aging process brings losses in muscle and bone mass and muscle strength decline after age 30. That's right, age 30! Those changes are pretty small from 30-50, though.What are 3 ways of slowing the aging process? ›
- Protect your skin from the sun every day. ...
- Apply self-tanner rather than get a tan. ...
- If you smoke, stop. ...
- Avoid repetitive facial expressions. ...
- Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet. ...
- Drink less alcohol.
The most notable exogenous factors influencing degree of aging were sun exposure and smoking. Other possibly contributory lifestyle factors include alcohol consumption, stress, diet, exercise, disease, and medication.Why do some people age better? ›
When it comes to aging, some people are just luckier. Genetics play a significant role in how fast you age, so if your parents aged really well, that may be the case for you too. Your skin's thickness, color, and vascularity can determine how quickly damage or signs of aging like fine lines and wrinkles appear.How do you fight aging? ›
- Protect Your Skin from the Sun. ...
- Use Anti-Aging Skin Care Products. ...
- Avoid Smoking and Alcohol to Prevent Aging. ...
- Consider a Chemical Peel to Reduce Signs of Aging. ...
- Use a Humidifier. ...
- Consider Laser Treatment for Smooth, Flawless Skin. ...
- Drink Plenty of Water. ...
- Moisturize Your Skin.